One good thing about digital photography is that you can edit the picture to adjust its different elements. Contrast is an important element of a photograph and refers to the relative amount of difference between two tones of an image. Enhancing contrast of a picture makes it look more beautiful. There are different techniques to edit a digital picture for adjusting or enhancing its contrast. Here are the most important ones.
1. Curves and masks
These are the most powerful and useful image editing tools for improving contrast. If you want to master in ‘editing contrast techniques’ in pictures, you can limit yourself to this 2 techniques to yield fruitful results. The curves correct color balance, lightness channels and adjusts layers in the photos. The masks correct the visual strength, offers flexibility for vector masks, layer sets and adjustments layers.
2. Dodging and burning
This technique is implemented from the olden dark room days. This technique helps you to exaggerate tonal difference in the image. It means it can turn a black cat white and vice versa. This trick helps you to examine the image and identify the lighter or darker shade in the image and edit according to your adjustments.
3. Unsharpening the contrast
This is the oldest technique used in editing photos. It’s also referred as haze cutting or HIRALOAM. This uses mask filters at a low frequency and high tonal transitions to adjust the filter settings for changing the strength of opacity layer/ masking. This technique can also be used to hide wrinkles and unnecessary eye and facial.
4. Apply image
This is often overseen by many apprentice editors, but it’s a powerful function to adjust contrast. You can also use this technique to enhance the picture color. Be sure to adjust the opacity in the image as 100%; this adjustment in editing yields a picture perfect contrast.
5. Selecting color
This technique is mostly used in editing black and white photos. It works on color photos too. By just changing the black by +1-5%, neutral by +5-20% you can get rid of murky tones. The change in the whites by +30-40% can be used to recover the blown areas such as sunlit sky.
These are the basics and most useful techniques in editing images, but before you implement these techniques on any image, experiment these techniques and know the advantages, adjustments and limitations of each technique. These are a glimpse of editing techniques; practice different techniques and combination of techniques for a new skill.