Panoramic shots are photographs capturing a wide angle view, for example, of the entire city, in one single picture. They are created by merging or stitching together multiple photos into one. If you are wondering about various techniques for creating an awesome panorama, here are some tips to keep in mind.
There are basically 2 automated options to choose from: Panogear and Gigapan. However, both of these are very expensive. So, it’s likely that most people won’t have a budget for these. But don’t worry; this tutorial is all about creating a panorama the manual way, free of cost, all by yourself. For this, you’ll need a tripod because it will have markings for your guidance for repositioning the camera. An alternative tool you can use is an L bracket.
Defining the image
You have to start your work by defining the image in your mind. Think about the size of the image and consider whether you can cover the entire area horizontally or you should take two rows of shots. Don’t forget that you need some extra space to do the stitching.
The first image
Start with one of the corners of the image that you would like to achieve and then work your way around until you get all the area covered. If you are taking photos of a city from the distance, start with the buildings and get them covered.
If there is something in front of the main subject, you should have them in the bottom part of the image. For this you will need another row of photos. Once you are done, you should stitch all the photos with the help of Photoshop Photomerge.
Don’t forget that there is no perfect stitching program. It is possible that you will have only a half of a building. In this case you should open the source file and add the missing features in a new layer. Create a layer mask so that you will have only the elements that you need.
One of the most important aspects to think about is exposure. Make sure that you use manual mode. If you happen to leave the camera on automatic, it is possible for the different parts of the photo to have different exposures. Also use aperture priority with slight variations. This is something you will be able to correct by working with the RAW files.